Types of Soil – Soil is one of the materials in which it contains solid mineral granules which are sedimentated and derived from weathering organic matter and containing liquid and gas which fills spaces in solid particles.
In general, the land is divided into two parts, namely cohesive soil and non-cohesive soil.
Cohesive soil, for example, is clay, while non-cohesive soil is sandy soil.
The following is a brief explanation of the type of soil based on the process of formation, type of soil based on origin, type of soil based on its fertility, type of soil in Indonesia, etc.
Land based on the formation process is as follows:
Types of Soil :SPECIAL SOIL
Topsoil is a soil formed from weathering of leaves and tree trunks.
This land is very fertile and very suitable to be used as land for planting crops.
One example is that you can find the land in tropical rainforest areas.
The characteristics of topsoil are as follows:
1. Dark, very fertile and loose soil
2. Has good absorption so it is suitable for land for growing plants
3. Formed from the weathering of plant parts such as leaves and stems
4. Many are found in areas that have a tropical climate
There are so many benefits of topsoil that you can find, among them are a source of nutrition for plants, able to bind substances that are toxic, help increase soil water content, prevent soil erosion, improve soil aeration and can be used as natural fertilizers.
Types of Soil: SAND LAND
Soil sand is soil which originates from igneous and sedimentary rocks consisting of coarse grains and some like gravel.
There are also characteristics of sandy soil are as follows:
1. Contains many grains of sand
2. It is very easy to absorb water
3. Plants are very rare because sand soil is difficult to plant plants
4. Soil sand is generally widely used for building materials for homes, offices, places of worship and others.
Soil sand is not good for use as agricultural land.
This is because there is no nutrition for plant growth in sand soils.
In addition, sand soil is also not good for storing water.
Types of soil based on the process of formation, type of soil based on origin, type of soil based on fertility, type of soil in Indonesia, etc.
Types of Soil: ALUVIAL SOIL
Alluvial soil is land formed from sedimentation of river mud and is located in the lowlands.
This land is very suitable for agricultural land because this land is also very fertile.
Plants that you can plant in these types of land are rice, secondary crops, sugar cane, coconut, fruits and others.
You can find this type of land in eastern Sumatra, Java and Papua.
The benefits of alluvial soil types are as follows: launch irrigation, function as agricultural land, can store water reserves, facilitate processing of land for planting and farming.
The characteristics of alluvial soil are as follows:
2. Many contain minerals so
3. Easy to absorb water
4. Shaped like clay
5. Soil pH below 6.
6. The amount of phosphorus and potassium is very low in areas with low rainfall
7. It is very easy for the processing to reduce production costs.
8. Has a clay texture
9. Alluvial soil epipedone has no structure
10. Consists of several parent ingredients, namely alluvial soil sand, clay, lime, alkaline and acid.